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首页 2011年6月英语四级(CET4)真题

2011年6月英语四级(CET4)真题.doc

2011年6月英语四级(CET4)真题

Selena冬梅
2019-06-03 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2011年6月英语四级(CET4)真题doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

大学英语四级考试试卷写作PartⅠWriting(minutes)注意:此部分试题在答题卡上.?Forthispart,youareallowedminutestowriteashortessayentitledNothingSucceedsWithoutaStrongWillbycommentingonthehumoroussaying,"QuittingsmokingistheeasiestthingintheworldI’vedoneithundredsoftimes"Youshouldwriteatleastwordsbutnomorethanwords坚强的意志是成功的重要保证。意志坚定的人才能完成伟大的使命。学生也是这样不刻苦学习终究不会成为有用之才。NotingSucceedsWithoutaStrongWill{PartⅡReadingComprehension(SkimmingandScanning)(minutes)????????????????????????WhyIntegrityMattersWhatIsIntegrityThekeytointegrityisconsistencynotonlysettinghighpersonalstandardsforoneself(honesty,responsibility,respectforothers,fairness)butalsolivinguptothosestandardseachandeverydayOnewhohasintegrityisboundbyandfollowsmoralandethical(道德上的)standardsevenwhenmakinglife’shardchoices,choiceswhichmaybecloudedbystress,pressuretosucceed,ortemptationWhathappensifwelie,cheat,steal,orviolateotherethicalstandardsWefeeldisappointedinourselvesandashamedButalapse(缺失)ofintegrityalsoaffectsourrelationshipswithothersTrustisessentialinanyimportantrelationship,whetherpersonalorprofessionalWhocantrustsomeonewhoisdishonestorunfairThusintegritymustbeoneofourmostimportantgoalsRiskyBusinessWeareeachresponsibleforourowndecisions,evenifthedecision,makingprocesshasbeenunderminedbystressorpeerpressureTherealtestofcharacteriswhetherwecanlearnfromourmistake,byunderstandingwhyweactedaswedidandthenexploringwaystoavoidsimilarproblemsinthefutureMakingethicaldecisionsisacriticalpartofavoidingfutureproblemsWemustlearntorecognizerisks,becauseifwecan’tseetheriskswe’retaking,wecan’tmakeresponsiblechoicesToidentifyrisks,weneedtoknowtherulesandbeawareofthefactsForexample,onewhodoesn’tknowtherulesaaboutplagiarism(剽窃)mayaccidentallyusewordsorideaswithoutgivingpropercreditoronewhofailstokeepcarefulresearchnotesmayunintentionallyfailtoquoteandcitesourcesasrequiredButthefactthatsuchaviolationis"unintentional"doesnotexcusethemisconduct,Ignoranceisnotadefense"ButEverybodyDoesIt"Mostpeoplewhogetintroubledoknowtherulesandfactsbutmanagetofoolthemselvesabouttherisksthey’retakingbyusingexcuses:"Everyoneelsedoesit""I’mnothurtinganyone",or"Ireallyneedthisgrade"Excusescangetveryelaborate:"IknowI’mlookatanother’sexam,eventhoughI’msupposedtokeepmyeyesonmyownpaper,butthat’snotcheatingbecauseI’mjustcheckingmyanswers,notcopying"Wemustbehonestaboutouractionsandavoidexcuses,ifwefoolourselvesintobelievingwe’renotdoinganythingwrong,wecan’tseetherealchoicewe’remakingandthatleadstobaddecisionsToavoidfoolingyourself,watchoutforexcusesandtrythistest:AskhowyouwouldfeelifyouractionswerepublicandanyonecouldbewatchingoveryoreshoulderIfyou’dratherhideyouractions,that’sanindicationthatyou’retakingariskandrationalizingittoyourselfEvaluatingRisksTodecidewhetherariskisworthtaking,youmustexaminetheconsequences,inthefutureaswellasrightnow,negativeaswellaspositive,andtoothersaswellastoyourselfThosewhotakeriskstheylaterregretusuallyfocusonimmolatebenefitsandsimplyhaven’tconsideredwhatmightgowrongTheconsequencesofgettingcaughtareseriousandmayincludea"O"onatestorassignment,an"F"intheclass,suspension(暂令停学)ordismissalfromschoolandaruinedreputationInfact,whenyoubreakaroleorlaw,youlosecontroloveryourlifeandgiveothersthepowertoimposepunishmentthatyouhavenocontroloverThisisanextremelyvulnerable(脆弱的)positionTheremaybesomemattersoflifeanddeathorhighestprinciple,whichmightjustifysucharisk,buttherearen’tmanythingsthatfallinthiscategoryGettingAwaywithitOrNotThosewhodon’tgetcaughtpayanevenhigherpriceAcheaterdoesn’tlearnfromthetest,whichdeprives(剥夺)himherofaneducationCheatingunderminesconfidenceandindependence:thecheaterisafraud,andknowsthatwithoutdishonesty,heshewouldhavefailedCheatingdestroysselfrespectandintegrity,leavingthecheaterashamed,guiltyandafraidofgettingcaughtWorstofall,acheaterwhodoesn’tgetcaughtthefirsttimeusuallycheatsagain,notonlybecausehesheisfartherbehind,butalsobecauseitseems"easier"ThisslipperyslopeoferodingethicsandbiggerrisksleadsonlytodisasterEventually,thecheatergetscaught,andthelaterheshegetscaught,theworsetheconsequencesCheatingHurtsOther,TooCheatersoftenfeelinvisible,asiftheiractions"don’tcount"anddon’treallyhurtanyoneButindividualchoiceshaveanintensecumulative(累积的)effectCheatingcanspreadlikeadiseaseRecentstatisticssuggest%ormoreofcollegestudentscheatIfaclassisgradedonacurve,cheatinghurtsothers’gradesEvenifthereisnocurve,cheating"poisons"theclassroom,andothersmayfeelpressuredtojoinin("IfIdon’tcheatIcan’tcompetewiththosewhodo")CheatingalsohasadestructiveimpactonteachersTherealrewardofgoofteachingisseeingstudentslearnButacheatersays"I’mnotinterestedinwhatyou’retryingtoteach,allIcareaboutisstealingagrade,regardlessoftheeffectonothers"TheendresultisadestructiveattackonthequalityofyoureducationFinally,cheatingcanhurtthereputationoftheuniversityandharmthosewhoworkedhardfortheirdegreeWhyIntegrityMartenIfcheatingbecomesthenorm,thenweareinbigtroubleWemustrelyonthehonestyandgoodfaithofothers,ifnot,wecouldn’tputmoneyinthebank,buyfood,clothing,ormedicinefromothers,driveacrossabridge,getonaplane,gotothedentistthelistisendlessTherearemanyexamplesofthevastharmthatiscausedwhenindividualsforgetorignoretheeffecttheirdishonestycanhaveThesavingsandloanscandal,thestockmarketandjunkbondswindles,and,ofcourse,Watergate,haveunderminedthefaithofmanyAmericansintheintegrityofpoliticalandeconomicleadersandsocietyasawholeSuchincidentstakeatremendoustollonournation’seconomyandourindividualwellbeingForexample,butforthesavingsandloandebacle,theremightbefundsavailabletoreducethenationaldebtandpayforeducationInsum,weallhaveacommonstakeinourschool,ourcommunity,andoursocietyOuractionsdomatterItisessentialthatweactwithintegrityinordertobuildthekindofworldinwhichwewanttoliveApersonofintegritynotonlysetshighmoralandethicalstandardsbutalsoA)stickstothemintheirdailylifeB)makesthemknowntoothersC)understandstheirtruevaluesD)seesthatothersalsofollowthemWhatroledoesintegrityplayinpersonalandprofessionalrelationshipsA)IthelpstocreateteamspiritB)ItfacilitatescommunicationC)ItisthebasisofmutualtrustD)Itinspiresmutualrespectwhymustwelearntoidentifytheriskswearegoingtotake?AToensurewemakeresponsiblechoicesBToavoidbeingoverwhelmedbystressCsothatwedon’tbreakanyrulesDsothatwedon’trunintotroubleViolationofaruleismisconductevenifAithascausednoharmBitisclaimedtobeunintentionalCithasgoneunnoticedDitiscommittedwithgoodintentionsWhatshouldonedoifhedoesn’twishtofoolhimselfAAvoidmakingexcusesBListentootherpeople’sadviceCMakehisintensionspublicDHaveotherswatchoverhisshoulderThosewhotakeriskstheyregretlateronAwilloftenbecomemorecautiousBareusuallyveryaggressiveCvalueimmediatebenefitsmostDmayloseeverythingintheendAccordingtotheauthor,acheaterwhodoesn’tgetcaughtrightawaywillA)paymoredearlyB)becomemoreconfidentC)bewidelyadmiredD)feelsomewhatluckyCheatersatexamdon’tcareabouttheireducation,alltheycareaboutishowtostealingagradeIntegritymattersinthatallsocialactivitiesrelyonpeople’shonestyandgoodfaithManyAmericanslostfaithintheintegrityoftheirpoliticalleadersasaresultoftheWatergatescandalPartⅣReadingComprehension(ReadinginDepth)(minutes)SectionAQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageWiththeworld’spopulationestimatedtogrowfromsixtoninebillionby,researchersbusinessesandgovernmentsarealreadydealingwiththeimpactthisincreasewillhaveoneverythingfromfoodandwatertoinfrastructure(基础设施)andjobsUnderlingallthiswillbethedemandforenergy,whichisexpectedtodoubleoverthenextyearsFindingtheresourcestomeetthisdemandinasustainablewayisthecornerstone(基石)ofournation’senergysecurity,andwillbeoneofthemajorofthestcenturyAlternativeformsofenergybiofuels,windandsolar,tonameafewarebeingfundedanddeveloped,andwillplayagrowingintheworld’senergysupplyButexpertssaythatevenwhen,alternativeenergysourceswilllikelymeetonlyaboutoftheworld’senergyneedsbyForexample,evenwithinvestments,suchasthe$millionforwindenergydevelopmentintheAmericanRecoveryandReinvestmentAct,importantalternativeenergysourcessuchaswindandbiofuelsonlyaboutofthemarkettodayEnergyandsustainabilityexpertssaytheanswertoourfutureenergyneedswilllikelycomefromalotofbothtraditionalandalternative注意:此部分试题请在答题卡上作答。A)stableI)exactlyB)solutionsJ)consistC)significantK)compriseD)roleL)competitionsE)progressM)combinedF)marvelousN)challengesG)includedO)certainlyH)growthgrowth???stable????challenges??certainly??rolemarvelous?significant??included??comprise??solutionsSectionBPassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageBoys’schoolsaretheperfectplacetoteachyoungmentoexpresstheiremotionsandinvolvetheminactivitiessuchasart,danceandmusicFarfromthetraditionalimageofacultureofaggressivemasculinity(阳刚),theabsenceofgirlsgivesboysthechancetodevelopwithoutpressuretoconformtoastereotypeaUSstudysaysBoysatsinglesexschoolsweresaidtobemorelikelytogetinvolvedinculturalandartisticactivitiesthathelpeddeveloptheiremotionalexpressiveness,ratherthanfeelingtheyhadtoconformtothe"boycode"ofhidingtheiremotionstobea"realman"ThefindingsofthestudysoagainstreceivedwisdomthatboysdobetterwhentaughtalongsidegirlsTonyLittle,headmasterofEton,warnedthatboyswerebeingfadedbytheBritisheducationsystembecauseithadbecometoofocusedongirlsHecriticizedteachersforfailingtorecognizethatboysareactuallymoreemotionalthangirlsTheresearcharguedthatboysoftenperformbadlyinmixedschoolsbecausetheybecomediscouragedwhentheirfemalepeersdobetterearlierinspeakingandreadingskillsButinsinglesexschoolsteacherscantailorlessonstoboys’learningstyle,lettingthemmovearoundtheclassroomandgettingthemtocompeteinteamstopreventboredom,wrotethestudy’sauthor,AbigailJames,oftheUniversityofVirginiaTeacherscouldencourageboystoenjoyreadingandwritingwith"boyfocused"approachessuchasthemesandcharactersthatappealtothemBecauseboysgenerallyhavemoreacutevisionlearnbestthroughtouch,andarephysicallymoreactive,theyneedtobegiven"handson"lessonswheretheyareallowedtowalkaround"Boysinmixedschoolsviewclassicalmusicasfeminine(女性的)andpreferthemodemgenre(类型)inwhichviolenceandsexismaremajorthemes,"JameswroteSinglesexeducationalsomadeitlesslikelythatboyswouldfeeltheyhadtoconformtoastereotypethatmenshouldbe"masterfulandincharge"inrelationships"Inmixedschoolsboysfeelcompelledtoactlikemenbeforetheyunderstandthemselveswellenoughtoknowwhatthatmeans,"thestudyreported注意:此部分试题请在答题卡上作答。TheauthorbelievesthatasinglesexschoolwouldA)forceboystohidetheiremotionstobe"realmen"B)helptocultivatemasculineaggressivenessinboysC)encourageboystoexpresstheiremotionsmorefreelyD)naturallyreinforceinboysthetraditionalimageofamanItiscommonlybelievedthatinamixedschoolboysA)PerformrelativelybetterC)behavemoreresponsiblyB)growupmorehealthilyD)receiveabettereducationWhatdoesTonyLittlesayabouttheBritisheducationsystemA)ItfailsmoreboysthangirlsacademicallyB)ItfocusesmoreonmixedschooleducationC)ItfailstogiveboystheattentiontheyneedD)ItplacesmorepressureonboysthanongirlsAccordingtoAbigailJames,oneoftheadvantagesofsinglesexschoolsisA)teachingcanbetailoredtosuitthecharacteristicsofboysB)boyscanfocusontheirlessonswithoutbeingdistractedC)boyscanchoosetolearnwhatevertheyareinterestedinD)teachingcanbedesignedtopromoteboys’teamspiritWhichofthefollowingischaracteristicofboysaccordingtoAbigailJames’reportA)TheyenjoybeinginchargeC)TheyhavesharpervisionB)TheyconformtostereotypesD)TheyareviolentandsexistPassageTwoQuestionstoarebatedonthefollowingpassageIt’sanannualargumentDoweordowenotgoonholidayMypartnersaysnobecausetheboilercouldgo,ortherooffalloffandwehavenosavingstosaveusIsayyouonlyliveonceandweworkhardandwhat’sthepointifyoucan’tgoonholidayThejoyofarecessionmeansnoargumentnextyearwejustwon’tgoSincemoneyisknowntobeoneofthethingsmostlikelytobringarelationshiptoitsknees,weshouldbegratefulFormanyfamiliestherecessionmeansmorethannotbookingaholidayAYouGovpollof,peoplefoundsaidtheywerearguingmorewiththeirpartnersbecauseofconcernsaboutmoneyWhat’slesscleariswhetherdivorceandseparationratesriseinarecessionfinancialpressuresmeancouplesarguemorebutmakesplittinguplessaffordableArecentresearchshowsargumentsaboutmoneywereespeciallydamagingtocouplesDisputeswerecharacterizedbyintenseverbal(言语上的)aggression,tendedtoberepeatedandnotresolvedandmademen,morethanwomen,extremelyangryKimStephenson,anoccupationalpsychologist,believesmoneyissuchabigdealbecauseofwhatitsymbolizes,whichmaybedifferentthingstomenandwomen"Peoplecansaythesamethingsaboutmoneybuthavedifferentideasofwhatit’sfor"heexplains"They’llsayit’stosavetospend,forsecurity,forfreedom,toshowsomeoneyoulovethem"Hesaysmenaremorelikelytoseemoneyasawayofbuyingstatusandofshowingtheirparentsthatthey’veachievedsomething"Thebiggestproblemisthatcouplesassumeeachotherknowwhat’sgoingonwiththeirfinances,buttheydon’tThereseemstobemoreofataboo(禁忌)abouttalkingaboutmoneythanaboutdeathButyoubothneedtoknowwhatyou’redoing,who’spayingwhatintothejointaccountandhowmuchyoukeepseparatelyInahealthyrelationship,youdon’thavetoagreeaboutmoney,butyouhavetotalkaboutit"注意:此部分试题请在答题卡上作答:WhatdoestheauthorsayaboutvacationingA)PeopleenjoyitallthemoreduringarecessionB)FewpeoplecanafforditwithoutworkinghardC)ItmakesallthehardworkworthwhileD)ItisthechiefcauseoffamilydisputesWhatdoestheauthormeanbysaying"moneyisknowntobringarelationshiptoitsknees"(Line,Para)A)MoneyisconsideredtobetherootofallevilsB)SomepeoplesacrificetheirdignityformoneyC)FewpeoplecanresistthetemptationofmoneyD)DisputesovermoneymayrainarelationshipTheYouGovpollof,peopleindicatesthatinarecessionA)conflictsbetweencouplestendtoriseB)itismoreexpensiveforcouplestosplitupC)couplesshowmoreconcernforeachotherD)divorceandseparationratesincreaseWhatdoesKimStephensonbelieveA)Moneyisoftenasymbolofaperson’sstatusB)MoneymeansagreatdealtobothandwomenC)MenandwomenspendmoneyondifferentthingsD)MenandwomenviewmoneyindifferentwaysTheauthorsuggestsattheendofthepassagethatcouplesshouldA)puttheirmoneytogetherinsteadofkeepingitseparatelyB)makeeffortstoreachagreementontheirfamilybudgetsC)discussmoneymatterstomaintainahealthyrelationshipD)avoidarguingaboutmoneymatterstoremainromanticPartⅤCloze(minutes)注意:此部分试题请在答题卡上作答。Employersfeartheywillbeunabletorecruitstudentswiththeskillstheyneedastheeconomicrecoverykicksin,anewsurveyNearlyhalfoftheorganizationstoldresearcherstheywerealreadystrugglingtofindwithskillsinscience,technology,engineeringandmaths(STEM)evenmorecompaniesexpecttoexperienceofemployeeswithSTEMskillsinthenextthreeyearsTheConfederationofBritishIndustrybusinessesandorganizationsacrossthepublicandsectors,whichtogetheremploymillionpeopleHalfaretheywillnotbeabletofillgraduatepostsinthecomingyears,whileathirdsaidtheywouldnotbeabletoenoughemployeeswiththerightAlevelskills"wemovefurtherrolerecoveryandbusinessesplangrowth,thedemandforpeoplewithhighqualityskillsandqualificationswill"saidRichardLambert,DirectorGeneral,CBI"FirmssayitisalreadyhardtofindpeoplewiththerightorengineeringskillsThenewgovernmentmustmakeitatoptoencouragemoreyoungpeopletostudysciencerelated"Thesurveyfoundthatyoungpeoplewouldimprovetheirjobprospectstheystudiedbusiness,maths,EnglishandphysicsorchemistryatAlevelTheAlevelsthatemployersleastarepsychologyandsociologyAndwhilemanyemployersdon’tinsistonadegreesubjectAthirdprefertohirethosewithaSTEMrelatedsubjectTheresearchworriesaboutthelackofprogressinimprovingbasicskillsintheUKHalfoftheemployerexpressedworriesaboutemployees’basicliteracyandnumeracy(计算)skills,whilethebiggestproblemiswithITskills,twothirdsreportedconcernsA)submitsC)launchesB)revealsD)generatesA)audienceC)partnersB)officialsD)staffA)whileC)forB)becauseD)althoughA)exitsC)absencesB)shortagesD)departuresA)surveyedC)exposedB)searchedD)exploitedA)collectiveC)personalB)privateD)civilA)confrontedC)concernedB)conformedD)confusedA)bindC)transferB)attainD)recruitA)LestC)BeforeB)UnlessD)AsA)withC)onB)forD)byA)dominateC)enforceB)stretchD)intensifyA)creativeC)narrativeB)technicalD)physicalA)priorityC)challengeB)optionD)judgmentA)proceduresC)thoughtsB)academicsD)subjectsA)untilC)whereasB)sinceD)ifA)rateC)orderB)discussD)observeA)typicalC)positiveBparticularD)generalA)highlightedC)focusedB)prescribedD)touchedA)massesC)facultyB)workforceD)communitiesA)whatC)whereB)whomD)whyPartⅣTranslation(minutes)Directions:CompletethesentencesbytranslatingintoEnglishtheChinesegiveninbracketsPleasewriteyourtranslationonAnswerSheer注意:此部分试题请在答题卡上作答只需写出译文部分。.Charitygroupsorganizedvariousactivitiesto(为地震幸存者筹款)。.Linda(不可能收到我的电子邮件):otherwise,shewouldhavereplied..It’smymother(一直在鼓励我不要灰心)whenIhavedifficultiesinmystudies..Thepublishinghousehasto(考虑这部小说的受欢迎程度)。.Itisabsolutelywrongto(仅仅以金钱来定义幸福)。

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2011年6月英语四级(CET4)真题

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